Pulling Out of Paris Agreement Pros and Cons

On June 1, 2017, the United States officially announced its decision to pull out of the Paris Agreement, a global accord signed in 2015 to combat climate change. While the decision was met with mixed reactions, it’s important to understand the pros and cons of this move.


1. Economic benefits – The Paris Agreement requires countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which can result in costly changes to infrastructure and industry. By pulling out of the agreement, the United States may be able to avoid these additional expenses and potentially save jobs in industries such as coal.

2. Sovereignty – Some argue that the Paris Agreement impinges on a country’s sovereignty by dictating how they should address climate change. By pulling out, the United States is asserting its independence and right to make its own decisions.

3. Flexibility – The agreement sets specific targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which may not be feasible for all countries. By withdrawing, the United States can develop its own strategies and goals, potentially resulting in more flexible and realistic climate policies.


1. Environmental impact – With the United States accounting for approximately 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions, pulling out of the Paris Agreement will undoubtedly have a negative impact on efforts to combat climate change. This decision also sends a message to other countries that the United States is not committed to addressing this urgent global issue.

2. Loss of leadership – The United States has historically been a global leader in addressing climate change, and pulling out of the Paris Agreement may diminish its standing on the world stage. This decision also creates a void in leadership, potentially leaving a gap in global efforts to address climate change.

3. Economic consequences – With the global shift towards renewable energy sources, pulling out of the Paris Agreement may leave the United States behind in terms of innovation and market competitiveness. This decision may also lead to other countries imposing tariffs or trade barriers on U.S. goods as a form of retaliation.

In conclusion, pulling out of the Paris Agreement has both pros and cons. While it may provide economic benefits and assert the United States’ sovereignty and flexibility in climate policy, it also has negative environmental impacts and may result in economic consequences. Ultimately, the decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement will have far-reaching consequences for both the United States and the world, with its full effects yet to be seen.

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